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Glossary

Glossary Term Definition
AB Alberta
ABHR Alcohol-based hand rub. A solution containing alcohol to clean your hands (also called hand sanitizer).
access The site on the body where blood is removed and returned during dialysis.
adenocarcinoma Cancer that begins in glandular (secretory) cells. Glandular cells are found in tissue that lines certain internal organs and makes and releases substances in the body (such as mucus, digestive juices or other fluids).
adequacy of dialysis A test to measure how well your blood is being cleansed by dialysis.
adhesions Bands of tissue that form between abdominal tissues and organs.
adjuvant chemotherapy Cancer chemotherapy (drugs) employed after the primary tumor has been removed by some other method.
affiliated sites Hospitals or clinics that have a full affiliation with a regional CKD centre. Protocols are in place for the transfer of patients between affiliated sites and regional centres. The multidisciplinary team associated with the regional centre oversees the care of patients receiving hemodialysis at an affiliated site.
age-standardized The same age-distribution as a given standard population.
age-standardized incidence The incidence rate of a particular disease in a population if that population had a standard age structure.
Air Quality Index A number used by government agencies to communicate to the public how polluted the air is currently or how polluted it is forecast to become.
albumin A protein, the level of which in your blood is used to measure your nutrition level.
Alcohol-based hand rub (ABHR) A solution containing alcohol to clean your hands (also called hand sanitizer).
all all regional cancer centres
Allogeneic Type of transplant where stem cells from a similar donor, such as a relative or an unrelated donor, are used.
Ambulatory Oncology Patient Satisfaction Survey (AOPSS) A survey that reports on dimensions of the patient experience, in regards to the care received in outpatient cancer treatement settings.
anemia A condition that happens when there are too few red blood cells in your blood.
AOPSS Ambulatory Oncology Patient Satisfaction Survey
APD Automated peritoneal dialysis. A form of peritoneal dialysis that uses a machine to do the exchanges automatically.
Apheresis Removing a blood component.
arteriovenous (AV) fistula An autologous AV access created by a connection of a vein to an artery (e.g. cephalic vein joined to radial artery) where the vein serves as the accessible conduit.
arteriovenous (AV) graft An artificial prosthetic segment used to connect an artery and vein for HD use.
attrition Attrition is a gradual decrease in numbers. Attrition rates from home dialysis means the rate at which patients stop using home dialysis.
attrition rates Attrition is a gradual decrease in numbers. Attrition rates from home dialysis means the rate at which patients stop using home dialysis.
AUS Australia
auto Type of transplant where the patient's own stem cells are used.
autologous Type of transplant where the patient's own stem cells are used.
automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) A form of peritoneal dialysis that uses a machine to do the exchanges automatically.
AV fistula An autologous AV access created by a connection of a vein to an artery (e.g. cephalic vein joined to radial artery) where the vein serves as the accessible conduit.
av graft Arteriovenous graft. An artificial prosthetic segment used to connect an artery and vein for hemodialysis use.
BC British Columbia
blood pressure The pressure exerted by blood against the walls of the blood vessel.
blood urea nitrogen (BUN) A waste product of protein break down that is measured in the blood.
BLUE Bluewater Health
BMH William Osler - Brampton Civic Hospital
calcium A mineral, important for strong bones and body functions, that needs to be regulated in kidney failure.
CAN Canada
Canadian Environmental Protection Act An Act respecting pollution prevention and the protection of the environment and human health in order to contribute to sustainable development.
cannulation The process of inserting a needle in to a blood vessel to create access for hemodialysis.
CAPD Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD). A form of peritoneal dialysis where exchanges are done manually.
case identification The diagnosis and staging of a cancer case.
catheter adaptor A plastic tube that connects your catheter to the dialysate tubing (also called transfer set, extension line or patient line).
CE Central East
Cen Central
central venous catheter The most common vascular access used among incident hemodialysis patients.
central venous catheter (CVC) The most common vascular access used among incident hemodialysis patients.
CEPA Canadian Environmental Protection Act
Ch Champlain
Charlson Comorbidity Index The Charlson Comorbidity Index contains 19 categories of comorbidity and predicts the ten-year mortality for a patient who may have a range of co-morbid conditions.
chemotherapy One form of cancer treatment that uses powerful chemicals and drugs.
cholesterol A type of fat in your blood that may increase the risk for heart attack and stroke.
CHP Champlain
colonoscopy Examination of the inside of the colon using a colonoscope, inserted into the rectum. A colonoscope is a thin, tube-like instrument with a light and a lens for viewing.
combined modality therapy The treatment of cancer using 2 or more types of therapy.
comorbid conditions When a person has 1 or more diseases in addition to their primary disease—in this case, chronic kidney disease. The comorbid diseases may influence the course or outcome of each other.
comorbidities When a person has 1 or more diseases in addition to their primary disease—in this case, chronic kidney disease. The comorbid diseases may influence the course or outcome of each other.
comorbidity When a person has 1 or more diseases in addition to their primary disease—in this case, chronic kidney disease. The comorbid diseases may influence the course or outcome of each other.
computerized prescriber order entry Electronic application that improves the delivery of chemotherapy.
contamination Occurs by touching sterile parts with anything non-sterile.
continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) A form of peritoneal dialysis where exchanges are done manually.
continuous cycler peritoneal dialysis (CCPD) A form of peritoneal dialysis that uses a machine to do the (CCPD) exchanges automatically.
counties Small geographical regions.
county A small geographical region.
CPOE computerized prescriber order entry
creatinine A waste product of muscle break down that is filtered from your blood by the kidneys.
CRFRCC Carlo Fidani (Peel)
CT scan computerized tomography scan
CTE Central East
CTL Central
CVH Credit Valley Hospital
CW Central West
cycler machine Used to do automatic peritoneal dialysis exchanges.
Cycler tubing set Used on cycler to connect the peritoneal dialysis solutions to the peritoneal dialysis catheter.
cycler tubing sets Used on cycler to connect the peritoneal dialysis solutions to the peritoneal dialysis catheter.
Cyclophosphamide Cyclophosphamide is a medication used as chemotherapy and to suppress the immune system.
dehydration Condition that occurs with too much fluid loss.
density A measurement per unit area.
determinants of health Biological and social factors that determine the health of a population.
diabetes A disease that causes high blood sugar.
Diagnosis to Referral The time between initial diagnosis and referral date.
dialysate A special solution used for dialysis.
dialysate A special solution used for dialysis.
dialysis A treatment to remove toxins from the blood when the kidneys have failed because of damage.
diastolic The pressure in your blood vessel as the heart relaxes between heartbeats (the lower number in a blood pressure reading).
diffusion The movement of particles, such as wastes, from a more concentrated area to a less concentrated area.
disease pathway management A clinical program of Cancer Care Ontario that applies a framework for examining the performance of the entire system across the cancer journey—from prevention to recovery and end-of-life care—and identifies any gaps and bottlenecks along the way.
drain bag Receives used dialysis solution.
dwell Period when dialysis solution stays in the peritoneal cavity.
dysphagia Difficulty swallowing.
edema Collection of extra fluid in tissues, causing swelling.
effluent Used dialysis solution that contains waste and water from the body.
Effluent Used dialysis solution that contains waste and water from the body.
end stage renal disease The fifth and final stage of chronic kidney disease, when the kidneys are functioning at less than 15% capacity. Symptoms such as loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, weight loss, persistent itching and confusion are a signal that renal replacement therapy (e.g. dialysis) should be started as soon as possible.
erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) Injections used to treat anemia.
ESAs Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents. Injections used to treat anemia.
ESAS Edmonton Symptom Assessment System scores
ESC Erie St.Clair
ESRD End-stage renal disease. The fifth and final stage of chronic kidney disease, when the kidneys are functioning at less than 15% capacity. Symptoms such as loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, weight loss, persistent itching and confusion are a signal that renal replacement therapy (e.g. dialysis) should be started as soon as possible.
exchange A process by which used dialysis solution is replaced with fresh solution.
exit site The point where the catheter comes out of your skin.
facility-based dialysis Dialysis provided within a hospital setting.
febrile neutropenia When a patient has both a fever and a significant reduction in their white blood cells (neutropenia), which are needed to fight infections.
fibrin strands White stringy fibers sometimes seen in used dialysis solution.
fibrins White stringy fibers sometimes seen in used dialysis solution.
fill Fresh dialysis solution flowing into the peritoneal cavity.
fistula An autologous AV access created by a connection of a vein to an artery (e.g. cephalic vein joined to radial artery) where the vein serves as the accessible conduit.
fistulas An autologous AV access created by a connection of a vein to an artery (e.g. cephalic vein joined to radial artery) where the vein serves as the accessible conduit.
fluid overload Retention of too much fluid in your body.
functional status Ability to perform normal daily activities required to meet basic needs, fulfill usual roles, and maintain health and well-being.
gene-environment interactions The phenotypic effect of interactions between genes and the environment.
germs Microscopic organisms that can cause disease.
glandular lesion Pre-cancerous lesions of the cervical glands that may develop into cervical cancer.
glucose Form of sugar.
GOC gynecology oncology centres
goiter Englargement or swelling of the thyroid
GRH Grand River Hospital Corporation
GRHC Grand River Hospital
growth factors A naturally occurring substance capable of stimulating cellular growth, proliferation and cellular differentiation.
GRRCC Grand River RCC (Kitchener)
GUELP Guelph General Hospital
guideline Evidence-based recommendations for practice.
hand hygiene A process for removing dirt and germs from the hands.
HDH Hotel-Dieu Hospital (Kingston)
Health Tables Well-established boards, committees and advisory groups with a vested interest in First Nations, Inuit and Métis health. See Technical Information for more details.
health-related quality of life Health-related quality of life is a multidimensional measure that assesses physical health, mental health and burden of disease.
healthy asymptomatic population Individuals in a population who have no symptoms for a particular disease.
hematopoietic blood-producing cells
hemodialysis A patient's blood is filtered through a machine to remove waste and toxins, and the cleaned blood is returned into the patient's bloodstream. The blood flows through a flexible tube (catheter) inserted in a major vein, usually in the patient's arm.
hemoglobin The part of the red blood cells that carry oxygen throughout the body.
heparin Medication used in dialysis to prevent blood from clotting.
hernia A weak spot in the muscle.
HHCSC Halton Healthcare Services
HHCSSC Halton Healthcare Services
HNHB Hamilton Niagara Haldimand Brant
HNK head and deck designated centres
home dialysis Patients perform their own treatment at home with no direct medical supervision.
home hemodialysis Patients perform their own treatment at home, with no direct medical supervision.
home PD Patients perform their own peritoneal dialysis (a treatment for kidney failure using the lining in your abdomen to filter wastes and balance fluid in your blood) at home with no direct medical supervision.
hormonal contraception Birth control methods that act on the endocrine system.
HRQOL Health-related quality of life is a multidimensional measure that assesses physical health, mental health and burden of disease.
HRR Humber River Regional
HSN Health Sciences North
human papillomavirus A type of virus that can cause abnormal tissue growth (e.g. warts) and other changes to cells. Infection for a long time with certain types of human papillomavirus can cause cervical cancer. Human papillomavirus may also play a role in some other types of cancer, such as anal, vaginal, vulvar, penile, oropharyngeal, and squamous cell skin cancers. Also called HPV.
immunosuppression Suppression of the body's immune system and its ability to fight infections and other diseases. Immunosuppression may be deliberately induced with drugs, as in preparation for bone marrow or other organ transplantation, to prevent rejection of the donor tissue. It may also result from certain diseases such as AIDS or lymphoma or from anticancer drugs.
IMRT intensity modulated radiation therapy
incidence The number of new cases within a specified period of time.
incidence rates The rates of newly diagnosed patients within specified periods of time.
incident The number of new cases within a specified period of time.
incident patients The number of newly diagnosed patients within a specified period of time.
income The amount of monetary or other returns, either earned or unearned, accruing over a given period of time.
income quintile The division of a population into 5 groups of income level.
independent dialysis Patients perform their own treatment, usually at home, with no direct medical supervision.
inoperable localized disease A condition that cannot be treated by surgery in a specific area of the body.
insulin Regulates blood sugar levels for patients with diabetes.
intensity modulated radiation therapy An advanced type of high-precision radiotherapy that uses computer-controlled X-ray accelerators to deliver high doses of radiation to a cancer while significantly decreasing damage to surrounding healthy tissues and minimizing side effects.
intravesical chemotherapy A form of chemotherapy where the medication is put into the bladder using a urinary catheter
JCC Juravinski (Hamilton)
JHH St. Joseph's Healthcare - Hamilton
JPN Japan
KGH Kingston General Hospital
KGH Kingston General Hospital
Kt/V Measure of the "dose" of dialysis, or dialysis adequacy. Low Kt/V (inadequate dialysis) correlates with poor quality of life and increased complications, hospitalization and mortality.
Kt/V Measure of the "dose" of dialysis, or dialysis adequacy. Low Kt/V (inadequate dialysis) correlates with poor quality of life and increased complications, hospitalization and mortality.
LAKE Lakeridge Health Corporation
laxative Medication used to treat constipation.
legislation Law which has been enacted by a legislature or other governing body.
LHC Lakeridge Health Corporation - Whitby
LHIN Local Health Integration Network. An Ontario not-for-profit corporation that plans, integrates and funds local health services. There are 14 LHINs across Ontario.
LHINs Local Health Integration Networks. Ontario's not-for-profit corporations that plan, integrate and fund local health services. There are 14 LHINs across Ontario.
LHS London Health Sciences Centre
LHSC London Health Sciences Centre
Local Health Integration Network Ontario's not-for-profit corporations that plan, integrate and fund local health services. There are 14 LHINs across Ontario.
Local Health Integration Networks Ontario's not-for-profit corporations that plan, integrate and fund local health services. There are 14 LHINs across Ontario.
LRCP London RCP
lymphocytes A form of small white blood cells.
malignant Cancerous cells that invade and destroy nearby tissue and spread to other parts of the body.
MB Manitoba
MDRCC MDRCC (Oshawa)
megavoltage machine A linear accelerator (linac) or a cobalt machine used to perform radiation treatments. These megavoltage machines emit a controlled amount of radiation (X-rays and electrons or Gamma rays) to destroy cancer cells.
metastases The spread of cancer from its original or primary site to other parts of the body
metastasis The spread of cancer from its original or primary site to other parts of the body.
metastatic Having to do with metastasis, which is the spread of cancer from the primary site (place where it started) to other places in the body.
MH Mississauga Halton
MHCW Mississauga Halton/Central West
monoclonal antibody Can be designed to attack a specific target.
morbidity A diseased state or symptom : ill health.
mortality The number deaths in a population within a specified period of time.
mortality rates A measure of the number of deaths (in general, or due to a specific cause) in a population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time.
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MSH Markham Stouffville Hospital Corporation
MSINAI Mount Sinai
mucositis Inflammation and ulceration of the mucous membranes lining the digestive tract, usually as an adverse effect of chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
mutations Any change in the DNA sequence of a cell.
National Pollutant Release Inventory Canada's legislated, publicly accessible inventory of pollutant releases (to air, water and land), disposals and transfers for recycling.
NB New Brunswick
NBH North Bay General Hospital
NDFP New Drug Funding Program
NE North East
neoadjuvant chemotherapy A form of chemotherapy that is used prior to the main form of treatment, usually surgery, to shrink the tumour
nephrologist A physician specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of kidney diseases.
nephrologists Physicians specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of kidney diseases.
nephrology A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of kidney diseases.
NERCC North East (Sudbury)
neutropenia Low white blood cell count.
NHS Niagara Health Care System
NIAG Niagara Health System
NL Newfoundland
nocturnal home dialysis Patients perform their own treatment at home, overnight, with no direct medical supervision.
nocturnal home hemodialysis Patients perform their own treatment at home, overnight, with no direct medical supervision.
NON-DC non-designated centre
NPRI National Pollutant Release Inventory
NS Nova Scotia
NSM North Simcoe Muskoka
NT The Northwest Territories
NU Nunavut
NW North West
NWRCC Northwestern (Thunder Bay)
NYGH North York General Hospital
NZ New Zealand
OCC Odette (Toronto Sunnybrook)
ON Ontario
OSLERHC William Osler Health Centre
OSM Orillia Soldier's Memorial Hospital
osmosis Movement of fluid through the membrane from a lower sugar concentration (blood) to a higher concentration (dialysate).
OTM Halton Healthcare - Oakville - TMH
OTTAWA Ottawa Hospital
over-the-counter medication Does not need a prescription to buy.
parathyroid hormone (pth) Controls calcium and phosphorus levels in your blood.
patency The state or quality of being open, expanded or unblocked.
patterns Combinations of qualities, acts, tendencies etc. that form a consistent or characteristic arrangement.
PD Peritoneal dialysis, a treatment for kidney failure using the lining in your abdomen to filter wastes and balance fluid in your blood.
PD catheter A permanent tube that allows solution to flow in and out of the peritoneal cavity.
PE Prince Edward Island
performance scores The level of general well-being and activities of daily life for cancer patients.
performance status A quantification of cancer patients' general well-being and activities of daily life.
peritoneal Having to do with the peritoneum, the membrane lining the walls of the abdominal cavity.
peritoneal cavity The sac or empty space in your abdomen surrounded by porous membrane.
peritoneal dialysis A treatment for kidney failure using the lining in your abdomen to filter wastes and balance fluid in your blood.
peritoneal dialysis (PD) A treatment for kidney failure using the lining in your abdomen to filter wastes and balance fluid in your blood.
peritoneal equilibrium test (pet) A test that measures how well your peritoneum moves wastes and water.
peritoneal membrane The porous lining that surrounds the abdominal organs.
peritoneum A thin membrane lining the inside of the abdomen.
peritonitis Infection inside the peritoneal cavity.
PET Peterborough Regional Health Centre
phosphorus A mineral that can build up in kidney failure and cause itching, bone and heart problems.
PM UHN/PMH (Toronto)
point-in-time Wait time at a particular point in the month, collected to give us a snapshot of the wait time.
positive predictive value Quality measure that assesses the likelihood that someone with an abnormal screening test result has a pre-invasive cancer (cervical) or a cancer (breast).
potassium A mineral for proper function of all cells, tissues and organs when it is at normal levels. Must be regulated closely in kidney failure.
pre-cancerous Of, relating to, or being a condition or lesion that typically precedes or develops into a cancer.
pre-dialysis care A clinic for patients in Stage 4 or Stage 5 of CKD (eGFR less than 30mL/min) who have not yet started dialysis or who are preparing for a kidney transplant.
prevalence The total number of people in a population who have been diagnosed with a given condition (e.g. cancer) or who are exposed to a given risk factor or behaviour (e.g. smoking) at a given point in time. It is often expressed as percentage of the population and when applied to cancer, includes both new and existing cases.
prevalence rates The rate of cases in a defined population at a given time. It includes both incident (new) and ongoing cases of the disease.
prevalent The total number of cases in a defined population at a given time. It includes both incident (new) and ongoing cases of the disease.
prevalent case The total number of cases in a defined population at a given time. It includes both incident (new) and ongoing cases of the disease.
prevalent patients The total number of patients in a defined population at a given time. It includes both incident (new) and ongoing (existing) patients with the disease.
PRHC Peterborough Regional Health Centre
priority access The priority of the case, determined by the surgeon. Depends on many factors, such as the type of cancer, patient complexity and progression of the disease.
proteinuria An abnormal amount of protein in the urine. Also called albuminuria or urine albumin.
QC Quebec
radiation One of the main methods of treating cancer. It uses high-energy radiation to destroy or shrink cancer cells by damaging their DNA.
RCP Regional Cancer Program
Ready-to-treat to start of treatment The time between being ready for treatment and receiving first treatment.
recurrence The return of cancer in a cancer survivor.
Referral to Consult The time between referral date and consultation date.
Regional Cancer Programs Networks of stakeholders, healthcare professionals and organizations involved in cancer prevention and care within each of Ontario's 14 Local Health Integration Networks.
relative survival ratio The ratio of the proportion of observed survivors in a cohort of cancer patients to the proportion of expected survivors in a comparable set of cancer-free individuals.
renal replacement therapy A life-sustaining intervention and therapy that replaces the function of the kidneys when the kidneys have failed because of damage. There are two broad types of RRT: dialysis and transplantation.
reoperation A secondary surgical procedure that is required as a result of direct or indirect complications from the initial surgery they underwent.
resected An organ, tissue or cancer that has been either partly or completely removed by surgery.
resection The procedure of partially or completely removing an organ, tissue or cancer by surgery.
risk The probability of developing a given condition.
risk factor A substance or condition that affects the probability of developing a given condition
RpM rate per million population
RRT Renal replacement therapy. A life-sustaining intervention and therapy that replaces the function of the kidneys when the kidneys have failed because of damage. There are two broad types of RRT; dialysis and transplantation.
RVH Royal Victoria Regional Health Centre
RVHS Rouge Valley Health System
RVV Renfrew Victoria Hospital
SAH Sault Area Hospital
SBK Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre
scans per million population Number of scans completed per million of the population.
screen-eligible Individuals in a population who meet the criteria for a particular screening test.
screening patterns The overall screening rates for various types of cancers in a population.
SE South East
SERCC Southeastern RCC (Kingston)
SGH Scarborough Regional Dialysis Centre
SHSC Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre
SJH St. Joseph's Health Centre - Toronto
SK Saskatchawan
SLRHC South Lake Regional Health Centre
SMGH St. Mary's General Hospital
SMGH St. Mary's General Hospital
SMH St. Michael's Hospital
SMH St. Michael's Hospital
SMRCC Simcoe-Muskoka RCC
SPA Spain
squamous cell carcinoma Cancer that begins in squamous cells. Squamous cells are thin, flat cells that look like fish scales and are found in the tissue that forms the surface of the skin, the lining of the hollow organs of the body, and the lining of the respiratory and digestive tracts.
SRCC Stronach RCC (Newmarket)
SRH Sudbury Regional Hospital
stage Prognostically similar groups of patients with cancer according to the extent of the disease.
stages I or II Stage I is divided into stages IA and IB. In stage IA, the tumor is 2 centimeters or smaller. Cancer has not spread outside the breast. In stage IB, small clusters of breast cancer cells (larger than 0.2 millimeter but not larger than 2 millimeters) are found in the lymph nodes and either: (1) no tumor is found in the breast or (2) the tumor is 2 centimeters or smaller.
staging The extent or severity of a person's cancer based on the size and/or extension of the original (primary) tumour and how far it has spread in the body.
standardized symptom screening The use of a standardized tool to assess and manage patients' symptoms.
sterile An area completely free of germs.
STJOEHAM St. Joseph's Hamilton
STJOELON St. Joseph's London
STJOETOR St. Joseph's Toronto
strength Concentration of glucose (a form of sugar) in the PD solution.
strengths Concentration of glucose (a form of sugar) in the PD solution.
surgery The treatment of disorders or injuries of the body using incisions.
surrogate outcomes A variable that is a substitute for a true outcome, used because it is easier and quicker to measure (i.e. for dialysis, phosphate levels or blood pressure are surrogate outcomes).
surveillance The monitoring of cancer in a patient.
surveillance colonoscopy Examination of the inside of the colon using a colonoscope, inserted into the rectum to check for recurrence in cancer survivors.
survival Being alive for a given period of time after a diagnosis.
survival ratios The proportion of individuals alive for a given period of time after a diagnosis.
SW South West
synoptic pathology reports Electronic reports in discrete data field format that allow for the standardized collection, transmission, storage, retrieval and sharing of data between clinical information systems.
systemic (drug) therapy Drug treatment form of chemotherapy.
systolic pressure The pressure in the blood vessel as your heart pumps in one heartbeat (the higher number in a blood pressure reading).
TBH Thunder Bay Regional Hospital
TBH Thunder Bay Regional Health Sciences Centre
TC Toronto Central
TCN Toronto Central North
TCS Toronto Central South
TDH Timmins and District Hospital
TEGH Toronto East General Hospital
TEGH Toronto East General Hospital
THP Trillium Health Partners
THP Trillium Health Partners
TOH The Ottawa Hospital
TOHCC Ottawa RCC
Toxics Reduction Act Ontario legislation that collects information on the use, creation and release of hazardous substances.
TRA Toxics Reduction Act
TSH Scarborough Hospital (The)
tunnel infection An infection that extends deeply around the catheter.
UHN University Health Network
UHN University Health Network
UK England, Wales and Northern Ireland
unresected An organ, tissue or cancer that has not been either partly or completely removed by surgery.
urban or rural residence Living in a census metropolitan area with a core population of 10,000 or more and 50%+ of the population commute to an urban CMA (urban residence), or an area with a core population of <10,000 and 30-49% of the population commute to an urban area (rural residence).
USA United States of America
utilization Utilization represents the proportion of patients with a new diagnosis of carcinoma that receives at least one course of radiotherapy during the course of their illness.
valid stage reporting The accurate reporting of patients' cancer stage.
vascular access The site on the body where blood is removed and returned during dialysis.
vascular system The vessels and tissue that carry or circulate blood through the body.
vulvar The external female genital organs, including the clitoris, vaginal lips and the opening to the vagina.
WCH Women's College Hospital
WHD Windsor Hotel Dieu Grace
WRCP Windsor RCC
WRH Windsor Regional Hospital
WW Waterloo Wellington
YCH York Central Hospital
YK Yukon